What are the key factors that need to be addressed when working with older clients and religious or spiritual clients?

Toward this goal, three principles that may be particularly salient in work with older adults were discussed: client autonomy, spiritual competence, and professional competence (Canda et al., 2004; Murdock, 2005; Sheridan, 2009). It is important to emphasize the inter-connected nature of these three guidelines.

Why is spiritual care important for older people?

(2012) have shown that religion and spirituality are important for emotional support for the older person. Spirituality is more inclusive than religiosity. Spiritual practices offer a sense of peace and happiness whilst reducing anxiety, depression and stress (Falconi et al. 2013).

Why is it important to consider the role of religion as a factor in facilitating counseling and psychotherapy?

Counselors who recognize the role of religion in clients’ lives are better able to encourage these positive pursuits, contributing to the overall health of clients. Religion and Spirituality positively correlate with coping with stress (Graham, Furr, Flowers & Burke, 2001).

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Why are religion and religious exercise important to the practice of spirituality?

Religion and spirituality are both rooted in trying to understand the meaning of life and, in some cases, how a relationship with a higher power may influence that meaning. … For example: Both religion and spirituality can help a person tolerate stress by generating peace, purpose and forgiveness.

Why is it important for the social worker to integrate spirituality in understanding human development across the lifespan?

Social workers can help clients discover and explore their wonder in their lives. A Higher Power: Most people’s spirituality encompasses a Higher Power or Supreme Being to whom they can turn especially during difficult times.

What are spiritual needs of the elderly?

The interventions initiated to meet patients’ spiritual needs included respect for privacy; helping patients to connect; helping patients to complete unfinished business; listening to patients’ concerns; comforting and reassuring; using personal religious beliefs to assist patients and observation of religious beliefs …

How do I support spiritually?

  1. Ask the Patient How You Can Support Them Spiritually.
  2. Listen to Fears & Concerns Without Going into Your Own Stuff.
  3. Ask if You Can Pray with Them.
  4. Use the Gifts of Presence & Touch.


How does religion affect counseling?

Counseling Implications. Because religion may affect a wide range of personal issues, counselors must consider that their clients’ religious value systems may affect the presenting issues. … For example, clients with higher levels of religious commitment are more likely to want counselors with similar values.

What is the major purpose of religion in counseling?

In recent years, the relationship between religion, spirituality and counseling has evolved. A growing body of research shows that integrating religion and spirituality into counseling is vital, and that they can interact together to help improve the human condition.

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What are the 9 competencies for integrating spirituality into counseling?

  • Competency Content Area 1: Culture and Worldview. …
  • Competency Content Area 2: Counselor Self-Awareness. …
  • Competency Content Area 3: Human and Spiritual Development. …
  • Competency Content Area 4: Communication. …
  • Competency Content Area 5: Assessment. …
  • Competency Content Area 6: Diagnosis and Treatment.


What are the 3 positive effects of religion?

Most studies have also found a positive association between religiosity and other factors associated with well-being such as optimism and hope (12 out of 14 studies), self-esteem (16 out of 29 studies, but only one with a negative association), sense of meaning and purpose in life (15 out of 16 studies), internal locus …

What is the role of religion and spirituality in health?

Religion and spirituality in medicine can help clinicians empathize with their patients, collaborate with hospital chaplains, and advance faith-based initiatives, hospital policy, and legislation.

What are examples of spirituality?

Spirituality is the state of having a connection to God or the spirit world. An example of spirituality is praying every day.

What are the 5 roles of the spiritual self?

In describing the spiritual/self-management connection nine themes emerged: 1) God: the healer, 2) God: the enabler through doctors, 3) faith in God, 4) prayer as a mediator, 5) spirituality as a coping mechanism, 6) combining traditional medicine and spiritual practices, 7) selected spiritual practices of self-care, 8 …

How does spiritually influence human behavior?

Religion and spirituality have distinct but complementary influences on health, new research indicates. … “Religion helps regulate behavior and health habits, while spirituality regulates your emotions, how you feel,” said Carolyn Aldwin, a gerontology professor in the College of Public Health and Human Sciences at OSU.

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How important is spirituality in social work practice?

Time and experience have taught social work that a person’s spiritual beliefs not only help them feel whole but can be a strength. A person’s spiritual beliefs may give them hope or confidence for the future. A person’s spiritual beliefs might give them a sense of belonging or connection to the community.